Thyroid or Soft Tissue Neck Cervical Bruits76536 Hypo- / hyper-thyroid E03.9/E05.90 Enlarged lymph nodes R59.9 Enlarged thyroid / fullness E04.9/E07.89
Mar 17, 2015 · Anatomy. Detailed knowledge of the anatomy surrounding the lumbar spine is mandatory to approach the spine with a minimum of risk. By taking advantage of the avascular tissue planes of the abdominal wall and with a thorough knowledge of the anatomic structures to be encountered, the surgeon can gain access to the retroperitoneal space with only a small amount of tissue division.
thoracolumbar, transperitoneal, or retroperitoneal) and whether the surgeon cuts into the dura (the fibrous membrane that forms the outer covering of the central nervous system). If the surgeon cuts into the dura, it is an "intradural" procedure; if nott's , i
Retroperitoneal organs are covered anteriorly (in front) by peritoneum and posteriorly by posterior (back) abdominal wall. Retroperitoneal space is divided in to upper and lowers retroperitoneal space. Organs and viscera are confined in either one of the two retroperitoneal spaces or entire upper and lower retroperitoneal space as described below-